Explanation of blood test results

Published: 15 June 2017

By: SmrtX
Medical Tests Analyzer is the complete solution for efficient, reliable and modern managing system for patient's medical lab results. Medical Tests Analyzer software tool provides a short overview and some tips on how to translate the results, and what they actually mean. Medical Tests Analyzer Software is a tool to interpret your laboratory test results.

What is blood test?

Blood test used to analyze the number, size and shape of blood cells. Values measured by the CBC include red and white blood cell counts, hemoglobin concentration and platelet counts. Experienced laboratory technician confirms what automated analyzers report and detect blood disorders and abnormalities.

Hematology is the study of the blood. It used to be that a laboratory technician had only a microscope and experience to rely on when it came to exploring blood. Modern hematology relies as much on automated equipment called cell counters as it does on human beings to detect blood diseases. Cell counters use electrical impedance and radio frequency to count cells and measure their size. Different chemicals are also used to analyze the chemical properties of blood.

CBC, RBC, and WBC

The CBC gives your doctor a picture of how many red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are circulating in the human body. The CBC is also useful to detect abnormalities. Once the blood sample is delivered to the lab, laboratory technician first makes a blood smear on a glass slide to be viewed under the microscope later. The sample is then inserted into the analyzer. Using computerized algorithms, the analyzer may flag the sample for further analysis when it detects abnormalities in the cells. The laboratory technician may review the blood slide to confirm the findings of the analyzer. Normal CBC values vary from laboratory to laboratory.

The red blood cell (RBC) count determines how many red blood cells are circulating in the body. Normal RBC counts range between 4.5 and 6.1 million cells per microliter (one millionth of a liter). The size and shape of the red blood cells are measured as mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and morphology. The mean hemoglobin concentration (MCH) measures the average amount of hemoglobin within each red blood cell.

White blood cells (WBC) are the cells responsible for defending the body against disease. The number of these in circulation depends on disease states, with higher numbers seen in disease than in health. A normal WBC count ranges from about 4,500 to 11,500 cells per microliter.

Hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen within red blood cells. The hematocrit refers to the proportion of red blood cells to plasma (the liquid portion of blood). Men usually have a hemoglobin concentration of between 14 to 18 grams per deciliter (tenth of a liter). Women have values of 12 to 16 grams per deciliter. Hematocrit values also vary between men and women, with men's hematocrit values between 42 percent and 52 percent; women's values are between 37 percent and 47 percent.

Platelets are cell fragments responsible for clotting. The number of platelets is indicative of the body's ability to form clots. A normal range of platelets is anywhere between 150,000 and 450,000 per milliliter (thousandth of a liter).

Medical Tests Analyzer

Some people who do not have a medical training get scared if they see an abnormal blood test result when getting to know how to understand blood tests. Nevertheless, false high and low resultsí values may befall with many blood tests because test results can be impacted by a wide range of causes. Drugs, foods, beverages, and even stress levels may affect lab test results on a single day. Talk about your lab results with your doctor when you have difficulties figuring out blood test results on your own. Medical Tests Analyzer Software tool will help you interpret your laboratory test results. It is good software and has a lot of useful features.